Stress, as it is perceived in today’s society, is a term that has taken on a negative connotation, and indeed is a term that is used to cover a multitude of symptomatology. Yet, when we delve deeper into the bio-psychosocial concept of stress we come to understand that stress comprises three main elements.
The first of these is a stressor. A stressor is an external demand that places a perceived challenge on an individual; meaning, any situation that requires adjustment has the potential to be stressful.
A stressor is anything that causes the release of stress hormones. Such elements as an individual’s cultural background, social support levels, socioeconomical status, genetics, and the ability to process situations chronologically are factors that either increase or decrease resilience to stressors and thus the stress response. With this in mind, we will look firstly at the physiology of the stress response, then the psychology.
Physiological stressors are stressors that put strain on our body. Symptoms include very cold/hot temperatures, injury, chronic illness or pain.